The Well (1951)

The Wellwell poster
Directed by Leo C. Popklin and Russell Rouse
Written by Russell Rouse and Clarence Green
Cardinal Pictures
First viewing/Amazon Instant Video

“I later heard somewhere, or read, that Malcolm X telephoned an apology to the reporter. But this was the kind of evidence which caused many close observers of the Malcolm X phenomenon to declare in absolute seriousness that he was the only Negro in America who could either start a race riot-or stop one. When I once quoted this to him, tacitly inviting his comment, he told me tartly, “I don’t know if I could start one. I don’t know if I’d want to stop one.” ― Alex HaleyThe Autobiography of Malcolm X

I had some trepidation going in but I ended up really enjoying this independent “message” film.

As the film opens, we see a five-year-old African-American girl picking flowers in a meadow.  Suddenly, she slips into an overgrown hole, which turns out to be a long disused well.  When the girl does not arrive at school, the alarm is raised.  This is an ordinary small town with an integrated school where the races apparently live in peace.

Several people saw her in the company of a white stranger in a grey suit. A florist says the man talked to her outside the shop and then went in and bought her a bunch of violets. When finally located, he turns out to be Claude Packard (Harry Morgan), the nephew of a prominent contractor in town.  Claude says he stopped in town to visit his uncle on the way elsewhere to look for work in the mining industry.  He saw the little girl looking longingly in the florist’s window and bought her the flowers on an impulse.  He then helped her across the busy street and walked with her for a couple of blocks after which he lost track of her.  He never did see his uncle, who was away from the office.  The sheriff does not buy this story and arrests Claude.

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Then the rumors start.  The African-American community becomes convinced that the sheriff will release, or has already released, Claude because he is white.  The whites think that Claude is being framed.  Then the girl’s parents get into a mild altercation with the contractor during which he slips and is hurt.  Things spiral out of control with fights breaking out all over town and increasingly outlandish rumors spreading like wildfire. Finally, the mayor calls the state militia in fear of a race riot.

As quickly as it started, the trouble stops when a boy’s dog smells the little girl in the well and alerts his master.  The last third of the film is devoted to the suspenseful and detailed rescue attempt.

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The racial tensions explored in this film are really well done.  There is only one short “speech” made and that is just about how dangerous race riots are and how people on all sides of them get hurt.  We mainly just see the events.  And then, when that part is done, the rescue is really exciting.  The story gets down into the nitty gritty of how heavy equipment is used to dig a parallel shaft and the dangers to both the rescuers and the girl in doing this.  Recommended.

The Well was nominated for Academy Awards in the categories of Best Writing, Story and Screenplay and Best Film Editing.




Confidential Report (1955)

Confidential Report (AKA “Mr. Arkadin”)confidential report poster
Directed by Orson Welles
Written by Orson Welles
Filmorsa/Cervantes Films/Sevilla Films, Mercury Productions/Bavaria Film
First viewing/Netflix rental


Gregory Arkadin: A scorpion wanted to cross a river, so he asked the frog to carry him. The frog refused because the scorpion would sting him. That would not be logical, explained the scorpion, because if he stung the frog they would both drown. So the frog agreed to carry the scorpion. Half way across, the frog felt a terrible pain – the scorpion had stung him. There is no logic in this, exclaimed the frog. I know, replied the scorpion, but I cannot help it – it is my nature.

Like Lady from Shanghai, the plot of Orson Welles’ film is all over the place.  Unlike that film, Confidential Report is not rescued by the acting and only partially redeemed by the style.

The story is mostly told in flashback as Guy Van Stratten relates his experiences with Arkadin to the dying Jacob Zouk (Akim Tamiroff), an old associate of the billionaire. Cigarette smuggler van Stratten (Robert Arden) and his girlfriend are on the docks at Naples when they witness the shooting of Bracco.  They are on hand to hear his dying words which are the names of two people that he says will be the couple’s fortune – Gregory Arkadin (Welles) and Sophia.

After he is released from jail on his smuggling conviction, Van Stratten proceeds to Spain where he hopes to meet Arkadin.  He figures the best way is through Arkadin’s daughter Raina, with whom he soon falls in love.  Arkadin is obsessed with Raina (Paola Mori, Welles’s then wife) and monitors her with spies at all times.  Finally, Arkadin offers van Stratten a huge fee to compile a report on himself, claiming he suffers from amnesia and can remember nothing prior to his arrival in Zurich with one suit and 200,000 Swiss Francs.

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Van Stratten then travels the world looking for clues to Arkadin’s identity and interviewing his former associates.  As those associates start mysteriously dropping like flies it is clear Van Stratten is in great danger.  With Mischa Auer as the ringmaster of a flea circus, an unrecognizable Michael Redgrave as a very weird antique store owner, and Katina Paxinou as Sophia.

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This is one of those multi-lingual films in which many of the characters are dubbed into English, a feature that does not improve one’s perception of the acting.  Robert Arden’s von Stratten does not appear to be dubbed by another actor, but his may be the worst performance in the film.  Anger seems to be his favorite emotion to the exclusion of any subtlety.  The story is confusing and episodic with many Wellesian anecdotes and tongue-in-cheek pronouncements.   Even I thought the movie had its moments though, and many like it much more than I.

The film has been re-constructed several times.  I watched the Criterion Collection’s “Comprehensive Version”.

Orson Welles dubbed the voices of several of the supporting male characters.

Clip – A Georgian toast to friendship

Cry of the City (1948)

Cry of the Citycry of the city poster
Directed by Robert Siodmak
Written by Richard Murphy from the novel “The Chair for Martin Rome” by Henry Edward Helseth
Twentieth Century Fox Film Corporation
First viewing/Twentieth Century Fox Cinema Archives DVD

“It’s about time law enforcement got as organized as organized crime.” Rudolph Giuliani 

Robert Siodmak again shows why he was the master of film noir style.

Police detective Lt. Candela (Victor Mature) and Martin Rome (Richard Conte) both grew up in Italian families on the mean streets of New York.  As the story begins, Rome is in the hospital being treated for bullet wounds incurred in a shoot-out during which a police officer was killed.  He is visited by his girl, the Madonna-visaged Tina (Debra Paget in her screen debut).  Later, a shady attorney shows up and tries to get him to confess to a jewel heist in exchange for a large pay-off.  Rome refuses and the attorney threatens to finger Tina as the female accomplice involved in the heist.  Lt. Candela is on the case trying to locate the girl.  His friendly relationship with Rome’s family helps and he also tries to straighten out Rome’s younger brother Tony.

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Martin is so concerned about Tina that he escapes from the prison hospital even though he is still gravely injured.  He promptly bumps off the lawyer.  He is in such bad condition that he turns to ex-girlfriend Brenda (Shelley Winters) for help in getting a shady doctor. Brenda also locates the real accomplice in the jewel heist, the scary Swedish masseuse Rose Given (Hope Emerson).  The rest of the film is devoted to Lt. Candela’s relentless pursuit of Tony.

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I thought the crime story was pretty routine.  It is done with such pure noir style that the film is worth a watch, though.  I liked the parallels drawn between Candela and Rome, down to similar injuries by the end of the film.  Hope Emerson is awesome as the masseuse!

Clip – Shelley Winters – cinematography by Lloyd Ahern (sorry about print quality of clip – DVD print is beautiful)


The Girl on the Bridge (1951)

The Girl on the Bridgegirl on the bridge poster
Directed by Hugo Haas
Written by Hugo Haas and Arnold Phillips
Hugo Haas Productions
First viewing/Amazon Watch Instant


Tagline: She’s Man-Bait and Murder ! (most misleading tagline ever)

This modest B picture has a kind of appealing sweetness despite its flaws.

Kindly old jeweler David (Haas) spots beautiful Clara (Beverly Michaels) standing on a bridge and staring despondently at the water.  He tells her things will look better in the morning.  Clara drops by his shop the next day to tell him he was right.  She has her nine-month-old daughter Judy in tow.  One of the reasons Clara was feeling low is because she is an unwed mother who has just lost her babysitter.  David has a lot of experience with children and offers to mind the child in the shop while Clara is at work.  He is drawn to the little family because he lost his own during the Holocaust.

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Clara’s boss offers her a job working from home if she will move to San Diego with him.  David proposes a sexless marriage to him as an alternative.  Clara agrees and develops a sincere affection for him.  For awhile they are all happy and Clara announces she is expecting David’s baby.

Since this is noir, good times cannot last long.  Judy’s father Mario, a pianist, returns.  His no-good cousin spots Judy at the shop and Mario is soon having a chat with David.  He refuses to take the money David offers him to clear out.  But the cousin has blackmail on the mind.  David kills him during an argument but Mario is tried for the murder.  The guilt slowly drives David insane.

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Clara shows David her dance routine – the only even slightly risque scene in the film

Other than Haas’s performance, the acting in this movie is nothing to write home about and even Haas goes over the top by the end.  But I thought the story was touching in a peculiar way.

I had never heard of Haas until I came across this film in my research for Noir Month. Before World War II, he was a famous comedian/director in his native Czechoslovakia. He fled to the United States when the Nazis invaded and got work in Hollywood, mostly as villains.  He then became an independent producer churning out low-budget second features, mostly featuring himself as older men attracted to young women a la The Blue Angel.  He was quickly dubbed “the foreign Ed Wood”.  Based on The Girl on the Bridge alone, I can say that characterization was unfair.  No one would ever confuse this with an Ed Wood movie.

Clip – the murder – Cinematography by Paul Ivano


Another Man’s Poison (1951)

Another Man’s Poison Another Man's Poison poster
Directed by Irving Rapper
Written by Val Guest based on a play by Leslie Sands
Angel Productions
First viewing/Amazon Prime Instant Video


Janet Frobisher: You asked a pretty question; I’ve given you the ugly answer.

This did not work for me at all.

Janet Frobisher i(Bette Davis) is a successful mystery writer who lives in an isolated corner of the Yorkshire moors.  She is in love with or in heat for (she vacillates depending on whom she is talking to) the much younger fiance of her secretary.

One day, her estranged husband reappears after several years.  Soon afterwards, George Bates (Gary Merrill), who was her husband’s accomplice in a bank robbery in which a policeman was killed, shows up at her door looking for him.  After awhile, Janet is forced to admit that she poisoned him.  George agrees to help her dump the body in a deep tarn.  He then refuses to leave and stays to impersonate her husband, whom no one has ever seen.

George and Janet mix like oil and water.  Meanwhile, her secretary and the fiance show up and Janet takes the fiance on long rides during which she attempts to seduce him.  The household is graced with the increasingly disturbing visits of Janet’s nosy next-door neighbor (Emlyn Williams).

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This movie was produced by Davis and filmed at Davis and Merrill’s home. Davis is clearly not Davis’s ideal producer as there was apparently no one on the crew willing to discourage her from playing a caricature of herself.  Also, this is again one of those films where the middle-aged star is portrayed as being a radiant beauty who is irresistible to all men.  It is less irritating when Davis does this than when Joan Crawford does but it still gets on my nerves.  Otherwise, the plot is all over the place and the movie seems much longer than its 90 minute length.  The film does have its fans though.  It has a 7.2/10 user rating on IMDb.

Trailer – cinematography by Robert Krasker

Murder by Contract (1958)

Murder by ContractMurder by Contract poster
Directed by Irving Lerner
Written by Ben Simcoe
Orbit Productions/Columbia Pictures Corporation
First viewing/Columbia Pictures Film Noir Classics I DVD

Claude: The way i see it, Harry, everybody lives off everybody else.

This quirky little film is worth a look.

Claude (Vince Edwards) has his eye on a house that costs $23,000.  He has $523 in the bank and makes about $75 a week on his job.  He does the math and decides to try out for a job as a contract killer, a career to which he turns out to be ideally suited.  He has no record, doesn’t write anything down,  and has a distaste for guns.  He is soon impressing his boss with his efficiency.

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After several successful jobs, Claude is sent to Los Angeles for a contract on a witness who is set to testify against his boss.  He is met at the railway station by two minders who never leave his side.  He takes his time planning the hit.  First he wants to see the Pacific Ocean, go to the zoo, etc.  This makes the minders very nervous but they have no choice but to go along.

When Claude finally gets around to casing the house where his victim lives he learns there are a couple of complications.  First, the victim is a woman.  Claude thinks he should double his fee.  Second, the house is heavily guarded by police and the victim is so terrified she never takes a step out the door.

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This shoestring budget noir was shot in seven days.  Although it is played very straight, the situations are so far-fetched that they made me smile.  The incongrously peppy music, Vince Edwards’s code of conduct, the whining minders,  everything contributes to a good time.

Trailer – cinematography by Lucien Ballard

Martin Scorsese on Murder by Contract

The Verdict (1946)

The Verdictverdict poster
Directed by Don Siegel
Written by Peter Milne from a novel by Israel Zangwill
Warner Bros.
First viewing/Warner Archive DVD


Supt. George Edward Grodman: I feel as if I were drinking at my own wake.

This Sidney Greensreet/Peter Lorre locked room mystery didn’t grab me.

The story opens in 19th Century London with Superintendent George Grodman (Greenstreet) of Scotland Yard witnessing the execution of a man he helped to convict. Almost immediately his bitter rival Supt. Buckley (George Colouris) brings him the missing alibi witness that establishes the man’s innocence.  Grodman is forced to retire and Buckley takes his job.

At Grodman’s house, we meet his friends:  an artist with a taste for the macabre, mine-owning lout Arthur Kendall whose aunt was the murder victim, and a reformist Parliamentarian who is Kendall’s sworn enemy.  Naturally, these three all live in the same boarding house.  After the party breaks up, we see Kendall arguing with music-hall singer Lottie Rawson (Joan Lorring) about some fake jewelry he gave her.

The next day, the landlady finds Kendall’s door locked and cannot rouse him.  Suspecting foul play, she calls Grodman and the two discover Kendall’s murdered body.  All hypotheses on how the killer could have entered and exited the locked room prove impossible.  The rest of the story follows the inept Buckley as he investigates the murder with occasional help from Grodman.

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I think it’s a stretch to call this murder mystery a film noir.  It’s competently made but didn’t make me care about the outcome.  It does give viewers the opportunity to see director Don Siegel’s (Dirty Harry)  first feature film.

Clip – Joan Lorring sings “Give Me a Little Bit”

In a Lonely Place (1950)

In a Lonely Place In a Lonely Place poster
Directed by Nicholas Ray
Written by Andrew Solt and Edmund H. North from a story by Dorothy B. Hughes
Columbia Pictures Corporation/Santana Pictures Corporation
Repeat viewing/Amazon Instant Video
#242 of 1001 Movies You Must See Before You Die

Dixon Steele: I was born when she kissed me. I died when she left me. I lived a few weeks while she loved me.

This is one of the must-see movies in the film noir canon,with one of the all-time great screenplays and a career performance by Humphrey Bogart – a classic of American cinema.

Dixon Steele (Bogart) is a genius screen writer with a bit of a drinking problem and a hair-trigger temper.  His first instinct when he gets angry is to slug someone.  He hasn’t written any hits since returning from the war, which has evidently scarred him in some way.  His agent has gotten him a commission to adapt a pot-boiler novel for the screen.

After displaying his character traits by getting into a brawl with a jerk at his favorite bar/restaurant , Dix asks air-head cigarette girl Mildred, who has read the book, to tell him the story at his apartment.  The star-struck lass agrees, breaking a date with her steady to do so.  They run into Dix’s new neighbor Laurel (Gloria Grahame) when they get to the complex.  Mildred stays for awhile, relating the truly vapid plot, and Dix sends her off with $20 to the nearest taxi stand.

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Mildred is found suffocated and dumped in a gully.  Dix’s wartime buddy Brub Nicolay (Frank Lovejoy) just happens to be working as a detective in the homicide bureau and comes to bring Dix, the prime suspect in to Headquarters.  Dix is amazingly flippant about the whole affair.  Laurel, who saw Mildred arrive and depart the apartment, is called in later to establish his alibi.

Dix and Laurel are immediately attracted.  The lonely Dix feels that he has at last met his match and they fall deeply in love.  Laurel inspires him to get back to work on his writing. Dix is thinking marriage.  Sadly, however, love does nothing to change Dix’s volatile nature and the tension surrounding the investigation causes him to lash out more than usual. Various incidents begin to trouble Laurel so much that she begins to think he might be guilty of the murder.  When Dix insists on an early elopement, Laurel has a heartbreaking decison to make.

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I feel so much pity for the characters in this movie.  Bogart, with his sad eyes, is absolutely convincing as a witty and sensitive man with a huge character flaw that seems beyond his control.  Gloria Grahame is heartbreaking as Laurel, who I think makes the only sane decision a woman could despite loving all the better parts of Dix.

The screenplay is by turns witty and satiric and incredibly moving.  The movie also looks gorgeous.  The pathos is heightened by the George Antheil score.  Absolutely recommended.

Trailer – cinematography by Burnett Guffey

The Reckless Moment (1949)

The Reckless Momentreckless moment poster
Directed by Max Ophüls
Written by Mel Dinelli, Sidney Garson, et al from the Ladies Home Journal story “The Blank Wall”
Columbia Pictures Corporation
First viewing/Korean import DVD
#226 of 1001 Movies You Must See Before You Die

Martin: Hell is other people…

The List introduced me to this film and for that I am grateful.

Lucia Harper’s (Joan Bennett) husband is in Berlin at Christmas and she is left to head the household of her father, seventeen-year old daughter Bea and younger sons.  They are a respectable, tight-knit middle class family.  Clearly Lucia is not used to making important decisions on her own nor does she want to bother her husband.  Her daughter has taken up with a much older man, Ted Darby  and Joan feels she must break it off.  She confronts the man and he offers to stop seeing Bea in exchange for a pay-off.  Instead, Lucia goes home and tells Bea what Ted said.  Bea meets him, they argue, and Bea pushes him, causing him to hit his head on an anchor and, unbeknownst to her, killing him.

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In the morning, Lucia finds the corpse.  In her panic, she takes the body out to sea in a motor boat (they live in Balboa) and sinks it with the anchor.  The body is soon discovered. Then bad guy Nagel, an associate of the deceased, gets his hands on Bea’s love letters to Ted and sends his buddy Martin Donnelly (James Mason) to threaten Lucia that they will go to the police with the letters unless she pays them $5,000 more or less immediately.

But Lucia doesn’t have the money and can’t think of a way to get it without involving her husband, which she still is unwilling to do.  Fortunately for her, Martin develops an affection for her.  Now they are both in great danger from the ruthless Nagel.

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So far I have found Ophül’s American films a mixed bag but I really liked this one.  The acting is first rate and the story is interesting and beautifully filmed. This part was totally against type for the usually seductive Bennett and she was excellent in it.  Mason is Mason.  I don’t think I have seen him with a bit of an Irish brogue in his accent before.

I have to admit I was frustrated with the ending, however. I felt like a certain undeserving party got let off the hook too easily.  Maybe I should have worked for the Hayes office! Actually, I don’t know how they got away with this in 1949.

Fan trailer – montage of clips and stills (spoilers)



Kiss Me Deadly (1955)

Kiss Me DeadlyKiss Me Deadly Poster
Directed by Robert Aldrich
Written by A.I. Bezzerides based on the novel by Mickey Spillane
Parklane Pictures Inc.
Repeat viewing/Netflix rental
#308 of 1001 Movies You Must See Before You Die


Velda: You want to avenge the death of your dear friend. How touching. How sweet. How nicely it justifies your quest for the great whatsit.

I still don’t exactly understand how the conspiracy was supposed to work here but it doesn’t matter much anyway. Style is the thing and this move is full to over-flowing with it.

Tough-guy private eye Mike Hammer (Ralph Meeker) is driving down a lonely road in his ultra-cool convertible at night when he is waved down by a frantic blonde, Christine (Cloris Leachman in her big-screen debut).  She takes one look at the car and has Mike’s number “You have only one real lasting love – you.”   Christine is clearly terrified.  She has just escaped from an asylum and is naked under her coat.  She tells Mike to forget her if he is able to deliver her to her bus stop.  If not she pleads, “Remember me.”

They do not make it to the bus stop.  The car is waylaid by some mysterious men and the two are taken to a secret location where they are evidently pumped full of drugs.  Mike has hazy, hallucinatory dreams.  When the men are through with them they take the car and push it off a cliff.  Christine dies but Mike survives and wakens from a coma to the ministrations of his secretary/lover Velda and the unwanted attentions of Lt. Murphy, who takes away Mike’s P.I. license and gun permit.

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Mike decides that, if Christine knew something, it must be valuable and, ignoring his lack of official sanction, investigates it.  He meets many shady characters and witnesses throughout the very convoluted plot.  Suffice it to say that he comes to blows with most of them and tortures the rest. The exception is Christine’s roommate Lily, who is afraid of a similar fate.  To her he gives shelter.  Otherwise, the mayhem continues until the spectacular climax that closes the film.  With Albert Dekker and Jack Elam as bad guys and Percy Hilton as a pathologist.

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As an exercise in pure B-movie style with all the stops pulled out, this is hard to beat.  It was hard to select stills.  They are all so awesome.  But they don’t fully capture the visual artistry of the film with its crazy angles and roaming camera.  The dialogue is a pulpy delight and the delivery of the actors matches it perfectly.  I imagine that Godard and Tarantino got a lot of inspiration from this one.  Highly recommended for those that like this kind of thing.

Trailer – cinematography by Ernest Lazlo